Working Papers

Patent Expiration and Competition: A dynamic limit price model

Anastasios I. Papanastasiou

We develop a dynamic model to explore the optimal pricing strategy of a monopolist that faces potential market entry at a given point in time. By engaging in promotional activities, the dominant firm may increase future demand for the product, while by charging below a limit price it can prevent competition from entering the market. Our analysis suggests that the optimal path for price and advertisement depends on the price elasticity of demand and the duration of monopoly life. Relating our model to the market for pharmaceuticals, we establish conditions that would give rise to a Generics Competition Paradox (GCP) and discuss how these conditions are linked to the existing theories that attempt to explain the GCP.

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Paper Keywords

monopoly, generic competition, brand-name drugs, limit price, price elasticity of demand