CCHE Seminar Series: Long-term educational and economic outcomes after preterm birth: Evidence from a national population-based cohort
Long-term educational and economic outcomes after preterm birth: Evidence from a national population-based cohort
Hospital for Sick Children, University of Toronto
Friday April 21st, 2023, 10am-12pm, HSB 108 and Zoom (contact CCHE for login details)
Abstract: One in every ten infants worldwide is born preterm (gestational age (GA) < 37 weeks), and the PTB rate is increasing. There exists a well-established association between being born preterm and increased morbidity and mortality, with the effect being inversely related to GA. However, there is less conclusive evidence around PTB and educational and socioeconomic outcomes, especially in a Canadian context. This study will present preliminary findings from a population-level retrospective analysis where all live births in Canada between 1983 and 1996 were linked to tax records, postsecondary education data, and the national death registry and were followed until the end of 2018. We will discuss methodological challenges on creating attributable impact of preterm birth and present preliminary results on the effects of preterm birth on employment income, labor force participation, first postsecondary enrolment and graduation.
Petros Pechlivanoglou, PhD, is a Senior Scientist at The Hospital for Sick Children and an Associate Professor at the University of Toronto’s Institute of Health Policy, Management and Evaluation His research interests revolve around methodological aspects of health economics, survival analysis and the simulation-based decision modeling. His applied areas of research include the economics of pre-term birth prevention, the economic evaluation of oncology interventions in children and adolescents, and the use of decision analysis in pediatric clinical trial design.